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Posted on : Sunday, 26 November, 2017  11:57
Location : Dhamaratna housing society bldg no : U flat no : 38 Milind Nagar, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Maharashtra
Phone Number# : 8805412736
URL : http://www.visitaroundpune.com/

Pune is a sprawling city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra.
Pune (Marathi pronunciation:[pune] English spelled Poona during British rule) is the second largest city in the Indian state of Maharashtra and the seventh most populous city in the country.
Situated 560 metres (1,837 feet) above sea level on the Deccan plateau on the right bank of the Mutha river,
Pune is the administrative headquarters of Pune district and was once the centre of power of the Maratha Empire established by Shivaji.
In the 18th century,Pune was the political centre of the Indian subcontinent,
as the seat of the Peshwas who were the prime ministers of the Maratha Empire.
Considered to be the cultural capital of Maharashtra,
Pune is known as "Oxford of the East" due to the presence of several well-known educational institutions in the city.
The city has emerged as a major educational hub in recent decades,
with nearly half of the total international students in the country studying in Pune.
Since the 1950s and 1960s,
Pune has had a traditional old-economic base as most of the old industries continue to grow.
The city is known for its manufacturing and automobile industries,
as well as for research institutes of information technology (IT),education,management and training,which attracts students,
and professionals from India,South East Asia,the Middle East and Africa.
Several colleges in Pune have student-exchange programs with colleges in Europe.
The game of Badminton was developed in Pune and the game's earlier name was Poon.
Pune is one of the fastest growing cities in the Asia-Pacific region.
The ‘Mercer 2017 Quality of Living Rankings’ evaluated living conditions in more than 440 cities around the world and ranked Pune at 145,
second in India after Hyderabad at 144.
The same source highlights Pune among evolving business centres and nine emerging cities around the world with thes citation "Hosts IT and automotive companies".

Early and medieval
Copper plates dated 858 AD and 868 AD show that by the 8th century an agricultural settlement known as Punnaka existed where Pune is today.
The plates indicate that this region was ruled by the Rashtrakuta dynasty.
The Pataleshwar rock-cut temple complex was built during this era.
Pune was part of the territory ruled by Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri from the 9th century to 1327.
In 1595, Maloji Raje Bhosale was granted the jagirdari (Fiefdom) of Pune by the Ahmadnagar Sultanate.
Pune was ruled by the Ahmadnagar Sultanate until it was annexed by the Mughals in the 17th century.
Maratha era
Pune was part of the Jagir (fiefdom) granted to Maloji Bhosale in 1599 for his services to the Nizamshahi of Ahmadnagar.
His grandson, Shivaji, the founder of Maratha Empire, was born in Shivneri fort not far from Pune.
Shivaji was brought up by his mother in Pune.
Pune changed hands several times between the Mughals and the Marathas in the period between 1660 and 1705.
When Chhatrapati Shahu succeeded to the Maratha throne in 1707,
he wanted to declare Satara the capital but his chief administrators,
the Peshwa who were the real power behind the throne, decided Pune was to be their headquarters.

Bhosale Jahagir era
After the destruction of the town in raids by the Adil Shahi dynasty in 1630 AD and again between 1636 AD and 1647 AD, Dadoji Konddeo, the successor to Dhadphale, oversaw the reconstruction of the town.
He stabilised the revenue collection and administrative systems of areas around Pune and in neighbouring area of the Maval region.
In addition, he developed effective methods to manage disputes and to enforce law and order.
Construction on the Lal Mahal began in 1631 AD.
The Lal Mahal was completed in 1640 AD.
Jijabai is said to have commissioned the building of the Kasba Ganapati temple.
The Ganesha idol consecrated at this temple has been regarded as the presiding deity (gramadevata) of the city.
During the 27-year-long conflict between the Marathas and the Mughals,
the town was occupied by Aurangzeb from 1703 to 1705; during this time,
the name of the town was changed to "Muhiyabad".
Two years later,once again the Marathas recaptured Sinhagad fort and later Pune from the Mughals.

Peshwa rule
In 1720,BajiRao I was appointed Peshwa (Prime Minister) of the Maratha Empire by Chhatrapati Shahu.
He moved his base from Saswad to Pune in 1728 and,in the process,laid the foundation for turning what was a Kasbah into a large city.
Bajirao also started construction of Shaniwar Wada on the right bank of the Mutha River The construction was completed in 1730,
ushering in the era of Peshwa control of the city.
The patronage of the Maratha Peshwas resulted in great expansion of Pune with the construction of around 250 temples and bridges in the city,
including the Lakdi Pul and the temples on Parvati Hill.
Many of the Maruti, Vithoba, Vishnu, Mahadeo, Rama, Krishna and Ganesh temples were built during this era.
The building of temples led to religion being responsible for about 15% of the city's economy during this period.
Bajirao Peshwa constructed a lake at Katraj on the outskirts of the city and an underground aqueduct to bring water from the lake to Shaniwar Wada.
The aqueduct is still operational.
Pune prospered as a city during the reign of Nanasaheb Peshwa.
He developed Saras Baug, Heera Baug, Parvati Hill and new commercial, trading, and residential localities.
Sadashiv Peth, Narayan Peth, Rasta Peth and Nana Peth were developed in this era.
The Peshwa's influence in India declined after the defeat of Maratha forces in the Battle of Panipat but Pune remained the seat of power.
In 1802,Pune was captured by Yashwantrao Holkar in the Battle of Pune,
directly precipitating the Second Anglo-Maratha War of 1803–1805.
The Peshwa rule ended with the defeat of Peshwa Bajirao II by the British East India Company in 1818.

British rule (1818–1947)
The Third Anglo-Maratha War broke out between the Marathas and the British East India Company in 1817.
The Peshwas were defeated at the Battle of Khadki (then spelled Kirkee) on 5 November near Pune and the city was seized by the British.
It was placed under the administration of the Bombay Presidency and the British built a large military cantonment to the east of the city (now used by the Indian Army).
The city was known as Poona during British rule. The Poona Municipality was established in 1858.
Railway line from Bombay and run by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIPR) also reached the city in 1858,
Navi Peth, Ganj Peth (now renamed Mahatma Phule Peth) were developed during the British Raj.
Centre of social reform and nationalism
Pune was prominently associated with the struggle for Indian independence.
In the period between 1875 and 1910,
the city was a major centre of agitation led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
The city was also a centre for social reform led by Mahatma Jyotirao Phule,
feminist Tarabai Shinde,Dhondo Keshav Karve and Pandita Ramabai.
They demanded the abolition of caste prejudice,
equal rights for women, harmony between the Hindu and Muslim communities,
and better schools for the poor.
Mohandas Gandhi was imprisoned at Yerwada Central Jail several times and placed under house arrest at the Aga Khan Palace in 1942–44,
where both his wife and aide Mahadev Desai died.
Pune since Indian independence
After Indian independence in 1947 from Britain, Pune saw a lot of development,
such as the establishment of the National Defence Academy at Khadakwasla and the National Chemical Laboratory at Pashan.
Pune serves as the headquarters of the Southern Command of the Indian Army.
Industrial development started in the 1950s and '60s in Hadapsar, Bhosari, Pimpri and Parvati.
Telco (now Tata Motors) started operations in 1961, which gave a huge boost to the automobile sector.
In 1990, Pune began to attract foreign capital, particularly in the information technology and engineering industries.
New businesses like floriculture, food processing, and wineries started to take root in and around the city.
In 1998, work on the six-lane Mumbai-Pune expressway began, and was completed in 2001.
IT Parks were established in Aundh, Hinjawadi and Wagholi.
In 2008, the Commonwealth Youth Games took place in Pune,
which encouraged additional development in the northwest region of the city.
On 13 February 2010, a bomb exploded at the German Bakery in the upmarket Koregaon Park neighbourhood on the east side of Pune,
killing 17 and injuring 60.
The explosion is now suspected to be an IED using an ammonium nitrate fuel oil mix.
The blast was a first in what was until then the relatively safe environment of Pune.

Pune is at a height of 560 m (1,840 ft) above sea level on the western margin of the Deccan plateau.
It is on the leeward side of the Sahyadri mountain ranges, which forms a barrier from the Arabian Sea.
It is a hilly city, with its highest hill, Vetal Hill, rising to 800 m (2,600 ft) above sea level.
Just outside the city, the Sinhagad fort is at an altitude of 1,300 metres (4,300 feet).
It lies between 18° 32" North latitude and 73° 51" East longitude.
Pune is 1,533 kilometres (953 mi) south of Delhi, 844 kilometres (524 mi) north of Bangalore,
and 149 kilometres (93 mi) south-east of Mumbai by road.
Central Pune is at the confluence of the Mula and Mutha Rivers.
The Pavana and Indrayani Rivers, tributaries of the Bhima River, traverse the northwestern outskirts of metropolitan Pune.
The city's total area is 729 square kilometres (281 square miles).
Pune lies very close to the seismically active zone around Koyna Dam,
about 100 km (62 mi) south of the city, and has been rated in Zone 3
(on a scale of 2 to 5, with 5 being the most prone to earthquakes) by the India Meteorological Department.
Pune has experienced some moderate- and many low-intensity earthquakes in its history.

Pune has a hot semi-arid climate (BSh) bordering with tropical wet and dry with average temperatures ranging between 19 to 33 °C (66 to 91 °F).
Pune experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon, and winter.
Typical summer months are from mid-March to June often extending until 15 June,
with maximum temperatures sometimes reaching 42 °C (108 °F).
The warmest month in Pune is May; although summer doesn't end until mid-June.
The city often receives heavy dusty winds in May (and humidity remains high).
Even during the hottest months, the nights are usually cool due to Pune's high altitude.
The highest temperature ever recorded was 43.3 °C (109.9 °F) on 30 April 1897.[50]
The monsoon lasts from June to October, with moderate rainfall and temperatures ranging from 22 to 28 °C (72 to 82 °F). Most of the 722 mm (28.43 in) of annual rainfall in the city falls between June and September,
and July is the wettest month of the year. Hailstorms are not unheard of in this region.
The daytime temperature hovers around 26 °C (79 °F) while night temperature is below 9 °C (48 °F) for most of December and January,
often dropping to 5 to 6 °C (41 to 43 °F). The lowest temperature ever recorded was 1.7 °C (35 °F) on 17 January 1935.

The population of the Pune city is 3,124,458 and Pune Urban Agglomeration (Pune Metropolitan Area) is 5,057,709 as of the 2011 census.
The same was about 4,485,000 in 2005. The migrating population rose from 43,900 in 2001 to 88,200 in 2005.
The estimated population in 2016 for the Pune metro region is 6,226,959.
According to the Pune Municipal Corporation, 40% of the population lived in slums in 2001.
The sharp increase in censorial decade of 1991–2001 can be attributed to the absorption of 38 fringe villages into the city.
The average literacy rate of Pune was 86.15 in 2011 compared to 80.45 in 2001.
Marathi is the official and most widely spoken language, while English and Hindi are understood by a significant part of the population.
Since Pune is a major industrial metropolis, it has attracted migrants from all parts of India to come and settle here.
The top five areas of migration are Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, and Rajasthan.
The Sindhis in the city are mostly refugees and their descendants, who came to the area after the partition of India in 1947.
Hinduism is the dominant religion in Pune. Major communities by religion include Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Christians and Zoroashtrians.
Many Temples, Churches, Mosque, Gurudwaras, Buddhist Viharas, Jewish synagogues, Jain temples, Zoroashtrian Fire Temples and other religious buildings are found throughout the city.
Islam is the second largest religion in Pune.
Pune has a large number of Mosques, the most prominent of which are Chand Tara Masjid, Jaama Masjid, and Azam Campus Masjid.
Chand Tara Masjid, located in Nana Peth, is one of the biggest and most important mosques in Pune as it is the city headquarters (markaz) for the Tablighi Jamaat.
The Eid-gah Maidan located near Golibar Maidan on Shankar Sheth Road witnesses a large gathering of people for Eid namaz on Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.
Pune has over 20 Gurdwaras.
Gurdwara Guru Nanak Darbar, Camp and Gurdwara Shri Guru Singh Sabha, Ganesh Peth being the ones situated in the heart of the city.
Sikhism is one of the major religions of Pune and Sikhs have become an integral part of the society.
In the past a Sikh has been elected mayor of Pune.
The community also runs 2 schools.
The Sikh community in Pune celebrates Gurpurabs with a lot of enthusiasm.
They also organise Kirtan Darbars yearly which are attended by many important religious figures of the Sikh community as well as other communities.
They serve Langar to all irrespective of the caste, creed or race of a person.
Other important religious places of other religions in Pune are the Ohel David Synagogue, St. Patrick's Cathedral, St. Anthony Shrine, Dapodi Church, JJ Agiary.
The Shrutisagar Ashram, located at Phulgaon off the Nagar road, houses the Vedanta Research Centre and a unique temple of Dakshinamurthy, located near the confluence of the Bhima, Bhama, and Indrayani rivers.
It was established in 1989 by Swami Swaroopanand Saraswati.
Here one can find detailed explanations of śruti and smriti (including the Vedas, Bhagavad Gita, Upanishads and Puranas) in Marathi and English.
As of the 2011 census, the population of Pune

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